This book was first published in 2007. How do we refer to people in everyday conversation? No matter the language or culture, we must choose from a range of options: full name (‘Robert Smith’), reduced name (‘Bob’), description (‘tall guy’), kin term (‘my son’) etc. Our choices reflect how we know that person in context, and allow us to take a particular perspective on them. This book brings together a team of leading linguists, sociologists and anthropologists to show that there is more to person reference than meets the eye. Drawing on video-recorded, everyday interactions in nine languages, it examines the fascinating ways in which we exploit person reference for social and cultural purposes, and reveals the underlying principles of person reference across cultures from the Americas to Asia to the South Pacific. Combining rich ethnographic detail with cross-linguistic generalizations, it will be welcomed by researchers and graduate students interested in the relationship between language and culture.
– Only book available which looks at person reference from the perspective of a range of cultures, languages, and academic disciplines
– Combines a variety of different approaches, for example ethnography of communication, conversation analysis, etc.
– Looks at cross-cultural differences between person reference systems, and also highlights the underlying universal principles across cultures